Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 888,804
2 United States 725,879
3 Germany 265,837
4 United Kingdom 248,819
5 Japan 194,479
6 South Korea 189,213
7 India 160,842
8 Brazil 134,380
9 Canada 120,327
10 Thailand 119,747
11 Turkey 93,357
12 France 91,187
13 Australia 89,829
14 Netherlands 88,930
15 Mexico 78,859
16 Spain 77,396
17 Taiwan 75,699
18 Russia 70,987
19 Switzerland 69,206
20 Italy 67,489

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach