Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 743,207
2 China 719,337
3 Thailand 328,046
4 Brazil 295,719
5 United Kingdom 259,873
6 South Korea 238,111
7 India 234,289
8 Italy 212,186
9 Spain 202,049
10 Canada 186,204
11 Turkey 185,665
12 Australia 176,514
13 France 175,744
14 Russia 165,247
15 Germany 144,036
16 Japan 138,146
17 Malaysia 133,159
18 Netherlands 123,257
19 Taiwan 121,598
20 Mexico 107,564

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach