Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 750,657
2 United States 741,360
3 Thailand 315,562
4 Brazil 293,740
5 United Kingdom 259,319
6 South Korea 240,375
7 Italy 217,894
8 India 212,632
9 Spain 199,494
10 Canada 188,950
11 Turkey 186,672
12 Australia 175,928
13 France 166,796
14 Russia 153,714
15 Japan 144,428
16 Germany 143,181
17 Malaysia 122,757
18 Taiwan 120,780
19 Netherlands 118,976
20 Mexico 112,555

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach