Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 310,297
2 Japan 205,344
3 China 161,894
4 United Kingdom 95,321
5 Canada 46,847
6 Germany 43,315
7 Australia 37,121
8 South Korea 36,580
9 France 25,309
10 Italy 25,213
11 Netherlands 22,774
12 Switzerland 21,802
13 Spain 16,604
14 Brazil 16,436
15 Taiwan 15,585
16 Turkey 14,059
17 Mexico 11,341
18 Israel 9,826
19 Belgium 9,698
20 Sweden 9,513

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.