Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 321,739
2 Japan 204,503
3 China 158,427
4 United Kingdom 93,257
5 Germany 48,421
6 Canada 46,797
7 Australia 37,164
8 South Korea 35,645
9 France 26,080
10 Brazil 25,996
11 Italy 25,350
12 Netherlands 22,798
13 Switzerland 21,520
14 Russia 17,462
15 Spain 16,521
16 Taiwan 16,149
17 Turkey 13,661
18 Mexico 13,154
19 Portugal 12,865
20 Denmark 10,233

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.