Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 470,079
2 China 384,031
3 United Kingdom 123,557
4 Germany 81,690
5 Canada 62,402
6 Japan 57,742
7 India 55,562
8 Australia 54,058
9 South Korea 49,660
10 Netherlands 44,587
11 Taiwan 43,870
12 Turkey 42,218
13 France 42,200
14 Brazil 39,844
15 Italy 39,601
16 Spain 32,012
17 Thailand 30,541
18 Switzerland 30,395
19 Hong Kong 20,626
20 Malaysia 20,412

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach