Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 461,118
2 China 374,094
3 United Kingdom 124,427
4 Germany 71,674
5 Canada 60,374
6 Japan 57,881
7 South Korea 53,434
8 Australia 52,134
9 India 44,732
10 Netherlands 44,227
11 France 42,268
12 Italy 41,521
13 Turkey 38,699
14 Taiwan 37,654
15 Brazil 34,181
16 Spain 31,468
17 Switzerland 30,722
18 Thailand 25,026
19 Hong Kong 22,539
20 Belgium 19,970

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach