Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 342,707
2 United Kingdom 246,471
3 Australia 122,653
4 Canada 88,814
5 Japan 86,328
6 China 75,613
7 Netherlands 60,307
8 Germany 55,028
9 Brazil 35,827
10 France 34,970
11 Italy 33,228
12 Taiwan 33,183
13 South Korea 31,809
14 Spain 26,151
15 Belgium 23,731
16 Turkey 23,647
17 Switzerland 19,574
18 Iran 18,974
19 Thailand 16,589
20 Malaysia 16,285

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach