Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 663,904
2 United States 584,733
3 United Kingdom 485,255
4 Germany 267,529
5 Australia 208,555
6 Taiwan 179,837
7 Netherlands 159,670
8 India 158,824
9 Malaysia 101,618
10 South Korea 97,514
11 Turkey 83,906
12 Canada 83,136
13 Indonesia 76,301
14 Brazil 74,273
15 Hong Kong 58,843
16 Thailand 52,667
17 Sweden 52,112
18 Italy 50,198
19 South Africa 48,857
20 France 48,795

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach