Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 690,196
2 United States 600,624
3 United Kingdom 498,961
4 Germany 237,772
5 Australia 217,860
6 Netherlands 171,862
7 Taiwan 163,095
8 India 137,131
9 South Korea 105,743
10 Canada 88,889
11 Turkey 86,801
12 Malaysia 82,801
13 Brazil 64,678
14 Hong Kong 64,150
15 Indonesia 63,386
16 Italy 55,612
17 Sweden 55,157
18 France 52,790
19 Spain 44,253
20 South Africa 43,939

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach