Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 662,782
2 United States 588,954
3 United Kingdom 484,384
4 Germany 249,247
5 Australia 211,895
6 Netherlands 163,938
7 Taiwan 162,653
8 India 145,346
9 South Korea 98,573
10 Malaysia 86,901
11 Turkey 84,693
12 Canada 84,436
13 Brazil 67,430
14 Indonesia 64,001
15 Hong Kong 58,419
16 Italy 51,838
17 Sweden 50,842
18 France 46,962
19 South Africa 45,021
20 Thailand 44,329

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

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