Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 649,017
2 United States 564,849
3 United Kingdom 470,839
4 Germany 279,154
5 Taiwan 205,993
6 Australia 204,172
7 India 170,958
8 Netherlands 151,433
9 Malaysia 119,343
10 South Korea 106,865
11 Turkey 86,098
12 Indonesia 82,293
13 Canada 81,152
14 Brazil 78,300
15 Hong Kong 60,154
16 Thailand 57,943
17 Sweden 51,701
18 South Africa 51,148
19 Italy 49,698
20 France 49,582

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

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