Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 887,457
2 United States 817,210
3 United Kingdom 421,127
4 Germany 246,406
5 Australia 235,859
6 Canada 221,888
7 Brazil 220,709
8 France 166,401
9 India 141,048
10 Netherlands 139,115
11 Italy 103,831
12 Spain 99,751
13 Japan 89,545
14 South Africa 81,103
15 Russia 76,837
16 Thailand 71,827
17 New Zealand 69,465
18 Mexico 60,447
19 Switzerland 58,562
20 Sweden 58,093

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach