Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 599,716
2 United Kingdom 284,350
3 China 215,927
4 Australia 141,287
5 Canada 112,832
6 Germany 107,091
7 Netherlands 89,100
8 Japan 69,921
9 Italy 50,387
10 South Korea 43,305
11 Switzerland 40,195
12 Spain 37,070
13 France 34,865
14 Turkey 34,020
15 Belgium 29,554
16 Taiwan 24,790
17 Israel 23,546
18 Austria 20,566
19 Brazil 20,141
20 Hong Kong 19,907

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.