Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 607,692
2 United Kingdom 275,338
3 China 193,399
4 Australia 139,074
5 Germany 116,899
6 Canada 105,513
7 Netherlands 85,182
8 Japan 66,508
9 Italy 45,361
10 South Korea 42,357
11 Switzerland 39,159
12 Spain 36,342
13 France 33,631
14 Turkey 31,240
15 Belgium 27,957
16 Taiwan 27,913
17 Brazil 24,445
18 Israel 23,070
19 Russia 22,468
20 Austria 19,713

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.