Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 730,484
2 China 376,443
3 United Kingdom 291,791
4 Japan 217,568
5 Netherlands 204,054
6 Australia 149,582
7 Germany 145,337
8 Canada 130,551
9 Italy 117,220
10 South Korea 109,753
11 France 92,860
12 Belgium 87,081
13 Switzerland 74,535
14 Taiwan 73,570
15 Turkey 51,219
16 India 50,004
17 Spain 49,138
18 Sweden 40,289
19 Brazil 38,587
20 Norway 34,304

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach