Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 732,785
2 China 366,592
3 United Kingdom 296,742
4 Japan 210,050
5 Netherlands 190,300
6 Germany 157,194
7 Australia 150,060
8 Canada 133,769
9 Italy 116,473
10 South Korea 104,796
11 France 100,954
12 Belgium 81,826
13 Taiwan 73,527
14 Switzerland 70,852
15 India 65,070
16 Spain 49,613
17 Turkey 49,598
18 Brazil 43,636
19 Sweden 40,034
20 Denmark 33,199

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

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