Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United Kingdom 436,912
2 United States 292,790
3 Germany 217,104
4 Netherlands 205,429
5 China 177,752
6 Australia 140,973
7 India 56,327
8 Canada 50,467
9 Turkey 48,854
10 Taiwan 48,378
11 South Korea 43,537
12 Sweden 42,846
13 France 42,325
14 Italy 34,459
15 Switzerland 32,710
16 Indonesia 31,884
17 Austria 30,927
18 Malaysia 28,260
19 Denmark 28,102
20 Hong Kong 28,101

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach