Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United Kingdom 411,619
2 United States 277,637
3 Germany 226,857
4 Netherlands 189,098
5 China 161,054
6 Australia 134,542
7 India 52,582
8 Canada 47,235
9 Taiwan 46,482
10 Turkey 44,288
11 South Korea 39,225
12 Sweden 37,675
13 France 35,742
14 Indonesia 30,343
15 Malaysia 29,214
16 Italy 29,196
17 Switzerland 28,670
18 Denmark 27,920
19 Austria 26,999
20 Belgium 24,589

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach