Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 492,567
2 China 362,961
3 United Kingdom 171,862
4 Japan 97,797
5 South Korea 93,758
6 Canada 93,531
7 Germany 92,933
8 Brazil 81,944
9 France 80,800
10 Australia 79,696
11 India 77,491
12 Thailand 67,643
13 Italy 53,647
14 Spain 51,306
15 Netherlands 48,545
16 Turkey 47,079
17 Taiwan 45,588
18 Mexico 39,795
19 South Africa 36,715
20 Switzerland 34,029

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach