Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 521,583
2 China 364,155
3 United Kingdom 178,670
4 Germany 106,318
5 Japan 98,573
6 Canada 97,238
7 Brazil 92,077
8 India 90,702
9 South Korea 90,629
10 France 87,544
11 Australia 82,285
12 Thailand 78,831
13 Italy 54,193
14 Spain 52,758
15 Netherlands 49,539
16 Mexico 47,698
17 Taiwan 46,172
18 Turkey 46,065
19 Russia 43,219
20 South Africa 38,813

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach