Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 287,059
2 United States 92,203
3 United Kingdom 68,531
4 Canada 59,779
5 Australia 46,104
6 Germany 41,400
7 Taiwan 31,951
8 Indonesia 29,261
9 Netherlands 26,343
10 Italy 23,589
11 Japan 20,370
12 South Korea 19,144
13 Turkey 15,498
14 Switzerland 15,027
15 Thailand 14,785
16 Malaysia 13,884
17 France 13,153
18 Hong Kong 13,039
19 India 12,316
20 Belgium 12,049

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach