Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 281,622
2 United States 90,171
3 United Kingdom 67,444
4 Canada 55,306
5 Australia 44,543
6 Germany 37,419
7 Indonesia 26,357
8 Netherlands 26,177
9 Italy 25,370
10 Taiwan 20,810
11 South Korea 18,624
12 Japan 16,080
13 Switzerland 15,156
14 Turkey 14,838
15 Hong Kong 12,934
16 France 12,810
17 Malaysia 12,415
18 Belgium 12,289
19 Thailand 12,173
20 Spain 11,036

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach