Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 451,688
2 United States 212,764
3 India 82,120
4 United Kingdom 69,447
5 France 60,594
6 Germany 45,712
7 Japan 39,983
8 South Korea 36,832
9 Australia 30,713
10 Canada 30,514
11 Turkey 23,688
12 Brazil 20,925
13 Italy 19,968
14 Netherlands 17,774
15 Taiwan 16,860
16 Iran 15,943
17 Russia 15,099
18 Spain 14,455
19 Malaysia 11,607
20 Poland 11,481

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

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