Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 136,490
2 United States 126,650
3 United Kingdom 71,151
4 India 53,142
5 Japan 35,206
6 Netherlands 28,222
7 Australia 26,085
8 Taiwan 25,891
9 South Korea 22,977
10 Germany 22,738
11 Canada 21,054
12 France 20,053
13 Hong Kong 12,840
14 Spain 11,164
15 Turkey 11,063
16 Brazil 8,787
17 Switzerland 8,783
18 Thailand 7,027
19 Finland 6,969
20 Malaysia 6,894

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach