Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 135,655
2 United States 127,739
3 India 69,692
4 United Kingdom 69,587
5 Japan 34,641
6 Taiwan 27,343
7 Australia 26,591
8 Netherlands 26,203
9 Germany 23,691
10 South Korea 22,320
11 Canada 21,674
12 France 17,033
13 Turkey 13,739
14 Hong Kong 11,702
15 Spain 11,642
16 Brazil 9,686
17 Malaysia 9,644
18 Switzerland 8,144
19 Finland 7,300
20 Thailand 6,905

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

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