Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 172,240
2 United States 117,873
3 United Kingdom 29,763
4 Germany 28,855
5 Netherlands 25,362
6 Canada 23,798
7 India 23,655
8 Turkey 17,360
9 South Korea 16,560
10 France 16,502
11 Hong Kong 16,344
12 Australia 15,945
13 Japan 15,355
14 Taiwan 13,329
15 Brazil 12,145
16 Italy 9,604
17 Spain 7,379
18 Switzerland 7,194
19 Belgium 6,569
20 Russia 5,773

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.