Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 1,056,845
2 United Kingdom 350,133
3 China 228,928
4 Australia 142,344
5 Germany 108,171
6 Canada 104,802
7 Netherlands 95,799
8 Japan 51,808
9 South Korea 35,760
10 France 34,709
11 Switzerland 33,824
12 Italy 33,557
13 Sweden 27,860
14 Taiwan 25,485
15 Denmark 24,913
16 India 24,503
17 Spain 21,778
18 Turkey 21,004
19 Norway 20,426
20 Hong Kong 19,912

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

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