Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 1,061,450
2 United Kingdom 338,775
3 China 207,803
4 Australia 139,730
5 Germany 116,713
6 Canada 106,602
7 Netherlands 92,489
8 Japan 47,764
9 France 37,551
10 South Korea 34,245
11 Switzerland 33,929
12 Italy 31,755
13 Sweden 27,154
14 Taiwan 26,860
15 India 26,058
16 Denmark 23,971
17 Spain 20,761
18 Norway 19,788
19 New Zealand 19,707
20 Turkey 18,949

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

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