Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 692,753
2 United States 259,470
3 United Kingdom 201,238
4 India 122,947
5 Canada 88,731
6 Japan 81,453
7 Australia 78,173
8 South Korea 59,797
9 Netherlands 47,528
10 Brazil 45,303
11 Turkey 43,781
12 Italy 43,455
13 Germany 42,410
14 Taiwan 38,313
15 Hong Kong 37,027
16 Malaysia 35,858
17 France 35,532
18 Spain 28,673
19 Norway 27,208
20 Russia 22,518

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach