Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 775,419
2 United States 261,297
3 United Kingdom 208,770
4 India 109,769
5 Japan 89,991
6 Canada 89,884
7 Australia 80,797
8 South Korea 66,893
9 Netherlands 50,104
10 Italy 47,202
11 Turkey 46,544
12 Brazil 43,025
13 Hong Kong 40,630
14 Germany 39,554
15 Taiwan 39,340
16 France 37,926
17 Norway 31,008
18 Malaysia 30,591
19 Spain 29,478
20 Singapore 21,132

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach