Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 323,787
2 United Kingdom 276,104
3 China 120,559
4 Australia 112,221
5 Canada 85,815
6 Brazil 83,620
7 Netherlands 67,683
8 Thailand 64,416
9 Germany 55,803
10 France 53,285
11 Italy 39,930
12 Spain 39,753
13 Belgium 36,096
14 Ireland 33,424
15 Japan 32,330
16 Switzerland 29,542
17 Colombia 29,082
18 New Zealand 28,251
19 Russia 27,495
20 South Africa 26,839

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach