Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 5,096,847
2 United States 867,943
3 South Korea 601,446
4 India 506,468
5 Japan 400,070
6 Taiwan 329,079
7 United Kingdom 266,353
8 Brazil 235,394
9 Turkey 223,971
10 Thailand 184,241
11 Russia 180,867
12 Germany 177,839
13 Australia 164,134
14 Malaysia 148,598
15 France 141,506
16 Canada 138,335
17 Mexico 127,849
18 Poland 96,546
19 Italy 93,463
20 Iran 93,150

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach