Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 171,182
2 United States 122,816
3 Germany 55,859
4 Japan 47,390
5 United Kingdom 33,724
6 India 30,118
7 South Korea 28,190
8 France 21,004
9 Taiwan 17,019
10 Brazil 15,014
11 Italy 14,832
12 Canada 13,330
13 Russia 11,951
14 Spain 11,677
15 Australia 11,272
16 Netherlands 10,570
17 Mexico 9,287
18 Switzerland 9,194
19 Turkey 8,623
20 Sweden 8,337

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach