Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 171,063
2 United States 115,664
3 Germany 51,981
4 Japan 45,090
5 United Kingdom 32,643
6 South Korea 30,034
7 India 25,325
8 France 17,275
9 Taiwan 15,169
10 Brazil 12,728
11 Italy 12,568
12 Canada 12,521
13 Spain 11,070
14 Australia 10,744
15 Russia 10,410
16 Netherlands 9,985
17 Switzerland 9,619
18 Mexico 7,662
19 Turkey 7,561
20 Poland 6,641

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach