Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 176,935
2 United States 121,571
3 Germany 55,229
4 Japan 46,603
5 United Kingdom 34,020
6 South Korea 29,232
7 India 28,682
8 France 20,087
9 Taiwan 15,976
10 Brazil 14,391
11 Italy 13,917
12 Canada 13,259
13 Russia 11,546
14 Spain 11,523
15 Australia 11,163
16 Netherlands 10,483
17 Switzerland 9,503
18 Mexico 8,788
19 Turkey 8,392
20 Sweden 8,294

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach