Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 169,788
2 United States 108,209
3 Germany 48,918
4 Japan 43,514
5 South Korea 31,111
6 United Kingdom 30,356
7 India 23,346
8 France 16,030
9 Taiwan 15,107
10 Italy 11,678
11 Canada 11,537
12 Brazil 10,966
13 Spain 10,748
14 Australia 10,147
15 Netherlands 9,944
16 Switzerland 9,525
17 Russia 9,473
18 Turkey 6,833
19 Sweden 6,669
20 Poland 6,258

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach