Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 404,118
2 United Kingdom 385,638
3 Germany 164,912
4 China 151,139
5 Netherlands 142,932
6 Australia 138,554
7 Canada 59,734
8 Turkey 37,060
9 Italy 36,514
10 Malaysia 35,132
11 Switzerland 35,005
12 France 33,179
13 Sweden 30,483
14 Austria 30,460
15 Indonesia 27,735
16 Japan 26,436
17 South Korea 26,233
18 Belgium 24,379
19 South Africa 24,083
20 India 23,791

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach