Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 417,658
2 United Kingdom 378,592
3 Germany 183,565
4 China 147,081
5 Australia 139,662
6 Netherlands 138,613
7 Canada 58,735
8 Malaysia 39,995
9 Turkey 34,666
10 Italy 33,235
11 Switzerland 32,889
12 France 31,971
13 Sweden 30,164
14 Indonesia 28,917
15 Austria 28,619
16 South Africa 25,367
17 South Korea 25,147
18 Japan 24,775
19 New Zealand 24,522
20 India 24,366

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach