Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 246,272
2 China 239,924
3 United Kingdom 77,400
4 Japan 74,118
5 Germany 70,229
6 Brazil 57,075
7 India 56,699
8 France 42,825
9 Canada 27,818
10 Australia 26,969
11 South Korea 22,821
12 Italy 20,783
13 Russia 20,274
14 Netherlands 18,592
15 Spain 17,335
16 Mexico 16,689
17 Taiwan 15,767
18 Israel 12,774
19 Switzerland 11,848
20 Turkey 11,158

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach