Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 248,174
2 China 238,842
3 United Kingdom 75,229
4 Japan 72,705
5 Germany 70,933
6 India 57,730
7 Brazil 57,599
8 France 43,979
9 Canada 27,287
10 Australia 26,907
11 Italy 24,740
12 South Korea 22,303
13 Russia 20,851
14 Spain 18,385
15 Netherlands 17,779
16 Taiwan 16,610
17 Mexico 16,560
18 Israel 13,223
19 Turkey 11,826
20 Switzerland 11,385

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach