Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 242,146
2 China 239,171
3 United Kingdom 77,802
4 Japan 70,837
5 Germany 66,008
6 Brazil 54,639
7 India 53,216
8 France 41,091
9 Canada 27,244
10 Australia 23,907
11 South Korea 23,133
12 Italy 20,088
13 Netherlands 19,128
14 Russia 18,936
15 Spain 16,936
16 Mexico 15,093
17 Taiwan 14,478
18 Israel 12,916
19 Switzerland 12,379
20 Turkey 11,496

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach