Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 926,969
2 United Kingdom 575,634
3 China 348,350
4 Germany 325,239
5 Australia 223,789
6 Netherlands 173,481
7 Canada 110,888
8 Japan 71,764
9 Italy 70,417
10 Switzerland 70,227
11 France 66,215
12 Indonesia 55,568
13 Malaysia 51,099
14 Sweden 48,810
15 Spain 44,048
16 Turkey 43,995
17 South Korea 42,642
18 Austria 41,750
19 India 38,160
20 Denmark 36,916

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach