Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 965,827
2 United Kingdom 625,651
3 China 422,703
4 Germany 299,692
5 Australia 232,544
6 Netherlands 188,527
7 Canada 118,591
8 Italy 81,635
9 Japan 78,970
10 Switzerland 76,344
11 France 74,555
12 Indonesia 58,159
13 Sweden 53,461
14 Turkey 50,458
15 Spain 50,192
16 South Korea 47,333
17 Malaysia 47,222
18 Austria 46,177
19 India 41,547
20 Denmark 38,087

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach