Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 173,043
2 United Kingdom 103,340
3 China 74,310
4 Brazil 56,218
5 India 41,309
6 Germany 36,814
7 Japan 31,990
8 Australia 29,900
9 France 26,807
10 Russia 24,086
11 Mexico 21,849
12 Canada 19,306
13 Thailand 18,683
14 Spain 17,543
15 Switzerland 17,132
16 Netherlands 14,931
17 South Korea 9,838
18 South Africa 8,883
19 Argentina 8,094
20 Iran 7,236

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach