Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United Kingdom 425,872
2 China 336,398
3 United States 221,415
4 Germany 170,840
5 Netherlands 145,437
6 Australia 118,199
7 Brazil 104,432
8 South Korea 87,569
9 Sweden 66,243
10 Taiwan 62,572
11 Malaysia 60,937
12 Russia 56,527
13 Turkey 55,740
14 Italy 54,469
15 Spain 51,949
16 Canada 50,242
17 South Africa 48,228
18 France 43,342
19 India 38,556
20 Denmark 35,560

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.