Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United Kingdom 421,273
2 China 329,299
3 United States 217,568
4 Germany 157,694
5 Netherlands 138,343
6 Australia 113,558
7 Brazil 94,429
8 South Korea 80,350
9 Sweden 61,596
10 Italy 53,144
11 Taiwan 51,095
12 Malaysia 50,896
13 Turkey 50,633
14 Canada 48,281
15 Spain 47,272
16 Russia 46,969
17 South Africa 46,471
18 France 38,821
19 India 35,305
20 Denmark 34,943

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.