Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United Kingdom 404,448
2 China 319,596
3 United States 205,060
4 Germany 142,050
5 Netherlands 136,553
6 Australia 112,254
7 Brazil 78,509
8 South Korea 74,605
9 Sweden 54,236
10 Italy 52,769
11 Turkey 47,491
12 Canada 47,176
13 Taiwan 45,964
14 South Africa 42,797
15 Spain 42,588
16 Malaysia 40,975
17 France 35,879
18 Denmark 34,951
19 Russia 34,577
20 India 33,752

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.