Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 1,682,076
2 China 602,354
3 United Kingdom 460,622
4 Canada 301,940
5 Japan 285,834
6 Australia 241,365
7 Germany 198,858
8 Brazil 188,470
9 South Korea 127,956
10 Netherlands 126,944
11 France 126,618
12 Italy 112,583
13 Spain 95,410
14 Russia 92,839
15 Mexico 90,116
16 Taiwan 73,210
17 Turkey 66,524
18 Switzerland 64,794
19 Iran 58,945
20 Sweden 53,863

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach