Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 1,687,574
2 China 568,265
3 United Kingdom 443,040
4 Canada 289,209
5 Japan 287,409
6 Australia 235,898
7 Germany 212,011
8 Brazil 198,451
9 France 143,420
10 South Korea 129,668
11 Netherlands 127,616
12 Russia 114,330
13 Italy 114,285
14 Spain 97,659
15 Mexico 85,329
16 Taiwan 79,957
17 Turkey 64,775
18 Switzerland 64,299
19 Iran 58,231
20 Sweden 57,639

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach