Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 1,605,542
2 China 614,457
3 United Kingdom 467,941
4 Canada 299,319
5 Japan 283,679
6 Australia 244,636
7 Germany 179,822
8 Brazil 164,606
9 Netherlands 126,065
10 South Korea 123,107
11 France 108,247
12 Italy 107,292
13 Spain 92,311
14 Mexico 79,394
15 Taiwan 67,346
16 Russia 67,224
17 Turkey 66,028
18 Switzerland 62,509
19 Iran 51,473
20 Israel 51,169

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach