Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 319,678
2 United States 234,934
3 India 132,163
4 Germany 88,391
5 United Kingdom 54,203
6 Taiwan 54,005
7 Japan 50,307
8 Canada 48,475
9 Turkey 46,944
10 France 45,177
11 Brazil 37,910
12 South Korea 30,882
13 Russia 27,973
14 Italy 27,296
15 Australia 25,998
16 Spain 21,628
17 Thailand 20,428
18 Iran 20,346
19 Netherlands 20,256
20 Indonesia 17,294

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach