Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 360,218
2 United States 218,077
3 India 111,843
4 Germany 73,469
5 United Kingdom 49,236
6 Japan 48,784
7 Canada 40,019
8 France 37,972
9 Turkey 32,485
10 South Korea 29,888
11 Brazil 29,123
12 Taiwan 28,742
13 Netherlands 22,976
14 Switzerland 22,295
15 Italy 22,054
16 Australia 19,702
17 Spain 18,948
18 Russia 18,349
19 Thailand 16,323
20 Poland 13,860

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach