Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 301,586
2 United States 205,371
3 India 128,854
4 Germany 76,431
5 United Kingdom 58,663
6 Taiwan 54,606
7 Canada 43,985
8 France 43,749
9 Turkey 43,422
10 Japan 39,229
11 Brazil 34,881
12 Italy 28,303
13 Russia 28,044
14 Netherlands 25,186
15 South Korea 24,554
16 Australia 24,193
17 Iran 21,810
18 Spain 18,970
19 Thailand 18,134
20 Switzerland 17,317

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach