Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 354,671
2 United States 233,614
3 India 122,501
4 Germany 83,574
5 United Kingdom 54,612
6 Japan 49,798
7 Canada 44,874
8 Turkey 43,697
9 France 41,371
10 Taiwan 40,038
11 Brazil 33,193
12 South Korea 30,256
13 Italy 23,183
14 Switzerland 22,766
15 Netherlands 22,620
16 Russia 22,532
17 Australia 22,037
18 Spain 20,195
19 Thailand 18,777
20 Iran 17,260

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach