Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 63,037
2 United States 54,747
3 Thailand 29,647
4 Russia 28,181
5 Brazil 26,151
6 Japan 17,523
7 India 17,160
8 South Korea 16,993
9 Germany 13,902
10 Netherlands 12,692
11 Australia 11,958
12 Italy 11,117
13 Mexico 10,439
14 United Kingdom 9,216
15 Taiwan 9,091
16 Egypt 9,061
17 Canada 8,941
18 France 8,259
19 South Africa 8,150
20 Spain 7,234

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach