Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 265,254
2 China 203,989
3 United Kingdom 102,534
4 Germany 48,144
5 Japan 37,875
6 Australia 37,865
7 Netherlands 33,931
8 Canada 30,672
9 France 21,656
10 Indonesia 20,092
11 Italy 16,647
12 Malaysia 16,279
13 South Korea 15,347
14 Hong Kong 15,327
15 Taiwan 14,512
16 Spain 13,283
17 Singapore 12,877
18 Brazil 12,317
19 Turkey 11,771
20 Sweden 11,737

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

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