Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 298,596
2 China 219,057
3 United Kingdom 115,298
4 Germany 43,133
5 Australia 39,878
6 Japan 39,380
7 Netherlands 36,719
8 Canada 34,298
9 France 22,074
10 Italy 20,093
11 Indonesia 19,801
12 Hong Kong 16,314
13 South Korea 16,260
14 Taiwan 14,994
15 Spain 14,543
16 Malaysia 14,083
17 Turkey 11,894
18 Sweden 11,773
19 Brazil 11,718
20 Singapore 11,268

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach