Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 290,401
2 China 214,811
3 United Kingdom 109,798
4 Germany 46,519
5 Australia 39,321
6 Japan 37,163
7 Netherlands 35,559
8 Canada 33,122
9 France 21,988
10 Indonesia 20,582
11 Italy 18,474
12 Malaysia 16,123
13 South Korea 16,028
14 Hong Kong 15,436
15 Taiwan 14,479
16 Spain 14,275
17 Sweden 12,192
18 Turkey 12,027
19 Brazil 11,990
20 Singapore 11,505

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach