Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 687,882
2 China 197,384
3 United Kingdom 162,892
4 Australia 126,326
5 Turkey 109,587
6 Canada 85,947
7 South Korea 63,450
8 Italy 61,342
9 Brazil 59,903
10 Japan 57,778
11 Netherlands 52,687
12 France 41,388
13 Taiwan 37,711
14 Iran 36,056
15 Germany 35,758
16 Belgium 34,922
17 Spain 33,530
18 Israel 33,447
19 Colombia 32,754
20 Thailand 25,208

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach