Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 698,869
2 China 196,086
3 United Kingdom 156,264
4 Australia 122,493
5 Turkey 103,751
6 Canada 84,535
7 South Korea 66,377
8 Brazil 64,915
9 Italy 63,113
10 Japan 57,417
11 Netherlands 55,551
12 France 43,026
13 Iran 40,327
14 Taiwan 39,804
15 Germany 38,762
16 Colombia 35,840
17 Spain 33,440
18 Belgium 33,351
19 Israel 32,610
20 Thailand 29,270

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach