Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 1,057,339
2 China 729,996
3 United Kingdom 534,342
4 Australia 282,234
5 Netherlands 261,885
6 Germany 232,915
7 Hong Kong 164,276
8 Taiwan 139,566
9 Canada 102,869
10 South Korea 90,904
11 Indonesia 67,591
12 Sweden 58,812
13 Brazil 55,899
14 Japan 55,617
15 India 47,092
16 Singapore 39,462
17 New Zealand 39,154
18 Finland 36,979
19 France 36,736
20 Switzerland 35,378

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach