Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 124,918
2 United States 66,759
3 United Kingdom 28,477
4 France 23,245
5 India 21,825
6 Japan 12,533
7 Germany 10,955
8 Australia 10,606
9 South Korea 10,307
10 Taiwan 10,069
11 Canada 8,758
12 Russia 7,274
13 Brazil 7,120
14 Turkey 6,875
15 Italy 6,463
16 Netherlands 5,292
17 Hong Kong 4,912
18 Spain 4,011
19 Iran 3,683
20 Switzerland 3,639

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach