Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 282,803
2 China 278,437
3 United Kingdom 179,759
4 Germany 105,669
5 Australia 60,389
6 Japan 50,309
7 Canada 48,101
8 Italy 43,813
9 Netherlands 38,018
10 France 37,207
11 South Korea 33,496
12 Taiwan 24,602
13 Turkey 22,701
14 Switzerland 22,686
15 Brazil 21,079
16 Indonesia 20,154
17 India 20,069
18 Spain 19,275
19 Hong Kong 19,029
20 Malaysia 18,822

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach