Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 289,219
2 China 284,036
3 United Kingdom 176,090
4 Germany 116,210
5 Australia 58,790
6 Japan 53,493
7 Canada 45,882
8 Italy 43,658
9 France 40,984
10 Netherlands 38,505
11 South Korea 34,989
12 Taiwan 27,629
13 Indonesia 24,414
14 Turkey 23,661
15 Switzerland 22,435
16 Brazil 22,430
17 Malaysia 21,739
18 India 20,652
19 Russia 20,056
20 Spain 19,277

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach