Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 286,602
2 China 280,611
3 United Kingdom 173,216
4 Germany 121,224
5 Australia 59,451
6 Japan 58,197
7 Canada 45,247
8 France 44,179
9 Italy 42,724
10 Netherlands 38,442
11 South Korea 33,088
12 Taiwan 31,383
13 Malaysia 26,950
14 Indonesia 24,862
15 Turkey 24,323
16 Brazil 22,683
17 Switzerland 21,856
18 Russia 21,318
19 India 20,134
20 Spain 19,450

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach