Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 288,745
2 United States 270,937
3 United Kingdom 188,069
4 Germany 94,812
5 Australia 60,130
6 Japan 49,421
7 Canada 48,106
8 Italy 46,170
9 Netherlands 40,209
10 France 37,400
11 South Korea 34,195
12 Switzerland 24,300
13 Taiwan 23,782
14 Turkey 23,700
15 India 20,400
16 Spain 19,839
17 Brazil 18,416
18 Indonesia 18,011
19 Hong Kong 17,054
20 Malaysia 16,699

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach