Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 2,575,300
2 United Kingdom 1,142,454
3 Australia 687,185
4 China 483,177
5 Canada 481,198
6 Netherlands 265,271
7 Germany 187,058
8 Turkey 178,953
9 Italy 167,589
10 Spain 149,090
11 Japan 143,864
12 South Korea 134,903
13 France 132,904
14 Sweden 92,692
15 Switzerland 92,028
16 Taiwan 91,510
17 Brazil 89,168
18 Hong Kong 88,945
19 Israel 83,677
20 Belgium 77,144

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach