Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 801,066
2 China 672,547
3 United Kingdom 626,934
4 Germany 256,366
5 Australia 206,101
6 Netherlands 141,542
7 Japan 121,702
8 Canada 115,007
9 Turkey 100,802
10 Italy 92,867
11 South Korea 86,183
12 France 84,919
13 Switzerland 75,838
14 India 74,294
15 Malaysia 62,635
16 Taiwan 61,684
17 Spain 59,777
18 Indonesia 51,549
19 Belgium 48,683
20 Sweden 48,179

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach