Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 1,137,522
2 India 272,981
3 United States 258,104
4 United Kingdom 82,063
5 South Korea 80,712
6 Taiwan 71,970
7 Germany 62,928
8 France 62,657
9 Turkey 57,129
10 Australia 51,379
11 Canada 48,626
12 Japan 43,784
13 Brazil 41,678
14 Italy 39,353
15 Malaysia 32,782
16 Russia 28,733
17 Spain 23,488
18 Switzerland 22,813
19 Indonesia 22,244
20 Thailand 19,619

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach