Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 121,944
2 China 103,344
3 United Kingdom 40,842
4 Australia 24,280
5 Japan 23,622
6 Canada 20,930
7 Germany 17,129
8 Brazil 14,807
9 Netherlands 13,882
10 Italy 13,695
11 Iran 12,205
12 France 11,202
13 South Korea 10,742
14 Turkey 9,779
15 Mexico 9,041
16 Spain 8,612
17 Russia 8,333
18 India 7,348
19 Sweden 5,973
20 Poland 5,966

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

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