Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 132,357
2 China 95,777
3 United Kingdom 41,192
4 Australia 24,964
5 Japan 23,441
6 Canada 21,967
7 Germany 18,773
8 Brazil 17,702
9 Italy 15,129
10 Iran 14,466
11 Netherlands 13,989
12 France 12,240
13 Mexico 10,722
14 South Korea 10,698
15 Russia 10,530
16 Turkey 10,194
17 Spain 8,653
18 India 8,379
19 Taiwan 6,412
20 Poland 6,208

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach