Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 135,344
2 China 97,780
3 United Kingdom 42,442
4 Australia 25,516
5 Japan 23,544
6 Canada 22,459
7 Brazil 19,840
8 Germany 19,382
9 Italy 16,459
10 Iran 15,418
11 France 14,550
12 Netherlands 12,945
13 Russia 11,775
14 South Korea 11,002
15 Mexico 10,941
16 Turkey 10,785
17 Spain 9,488
18 India 9,131
19 Taiwan 7,635
20 Sweden 7,028

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach