Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 117,158
2 China 111,058
3 United Kingdom 41,745
4 Australia 24,703
5 Japan 24,519
6 Canada 20,915
7 Germany 15,521
8 Netherlands 14,292
9 Brazil 12,198
10 South Korea 11,406
11 France 11,002
12 Turkey 10,692
13 Italy 10,518
14 Spain 9,049
15 Iran 8,993
16 Mexico 7,594
17 India 6,704
18 Russia 6,103
19 Poland 6,062
20 Sweden 5,710

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach