Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 3,561,572
2 United Kingdom 1,388,826
3 Australia 931,909
4 China 717,671
5 Canada 655,831
6 Netherlands 346,773
7 Germany 263,878
8 Japan 212,477
9 South Korea 181,925
10 Italy 176,776
11 Turkey 156,930
12 Sweden 154,584
13 Spain 152,665
14 France 144,709
15 Brazil 142,429
16 Taiwan 130,209
17 Switzerland 109,096
18 Hong Kong 102,700
19 Belgium 95,092
20 New Zealand 92,959

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach