Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 1,131,514
2 China 370,767
3 United Kingdom 254,821
4 Germany 211,220
5 Japan 184,851
6 Canada 137,974
7 South Korea 114,895
8 France 106,954
9 Australia 97,230
10 Italy 78,830
11 Netherlands 77,785
12 Brazil 72,801
13 Switzerland 70,874
14 Taiwan 67,508
15 Spain 52,185
16 Turkey 44,097
17 Russia 43,646
18 India 41,071
19 Sweden 35,879
20 Mexico 35,340

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.