Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 1,131,894
2 China 377,773
3 United Kingdom 264,329
4 Germany 214,312
5 Japan 183,621
6 Canada 142,651
7 South Korea 115,166
8 France 102,432
9 Australia 97,932
10 Switzerland 87,567
11 Italy 80,285
12 Netherlands 71,414
13 Brazil 68,926
14 Taiwan 64,794
15 Spain 51,509
16 Turkey 42,595
17 Russia 41,979
18 India 41,456
19 Mexico 37,656
20 Sweden 34,943

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.