Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 451,869
2 India 103,581
3 United States 89,326
4 Turkey 62,468
5 Spain 44,740
6 United Kingdom 43,764
7 Taiwan 34,816
8 Brazil 34,570
9 Canada 28,714
10 Australia 28,678
11 South Korea 27,253
12 Japan 25,025
13 Germany 23,645
14 Iran 23,101
15 Malaysia 22,458
16 Italy 20,191
17 Thailand 18,399
18 France 17,708
19 Poland 15,080
20 Russia 14,817

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach