Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 333,461
2 United States 241,456
3 United Kingdom 187,790
4 Brazil 122,167
5 Germany 110,505
6 India 105,857
7 Australia 92,325
8 Malaysia 73,273
9 Canada 64,368
10 Netherlands 63,811
11 Sweden 53,267
12 Russia 51,640
13 Turkey 46,390
14 Spain 45,142
15 South Korea 42,154
16 Ireland 40,364
17 Taiwan 38,268
18 Indonesia 37,006
19 Finland 35,069
20 Pakistan 33,278

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach