Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 334,174
2 United States 240,121
3 United Kingdom 190,036
4 Brazil 112,898
5 Germany 110,043
6 Australia 96,578
7 India 80,045
8 Malaysia 67,537
9 Netherlands 66,656
10 Canada 66,419
11 Sweden 64,835
12 Spain 45,304
13 Turkey 43,451
14 South Korea 42,270
15 Ireland 40,755
16 Finland 35,327
17 Italy 34,996
18 Indonesia 34,496
19 Pakistan 31,423
20 Taiwan 31,406

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach