Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 138,122
2 United States 135,390
3 United Kingdom 116,938
4 Germany 44,466
5 Australia 38,838
6 Malaysia 25,653
7 Turkey 24,625
8 Japan 22,962
9 Indonesia 22,140
10 India 22,076
11 Italy 21,399
12 Canada 20,322
13 Netherlands 19,560
14 France 18,528
15 South Africa 14,861
16 South Korea 14,402
17 Taiwan 13,184
18 Brazil 12,475
19 Spain 10,985
20 Pakistan 9,877

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach