Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 181,730
2 China 171,896
3 United Kingdom 60,130
4 Japan 48,068
5 Germany 36,802
6 Canada 31,682
7 France 28,726
8 Australia 26,831
9 Brazil 25,744
10 Spain 23,884
11 South Korea 23,704
12 Italy 23,394
13 Netherlands 20,373
14 India 19,669
15 Taiwan 16,537
16 Mexico 12,290
17 Switzerland 11,716
18 Russia 11,630
19 Turkey 10,706
20 Poland 10,555

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach