Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 201,521
2 United States 170,625
3 United Kingdom 58,115
4 Japan 47,958
5 Germany 33,151
6 Canada 29,858
7 France 26,664
8 Australia 26,336
9 South Korea 24,574
10 Italy 23,550
11 Brazil 22,795
12 Spain 21,095
13 Netherlands 19,635
14 India 16,716
15 Taiwan 15,314
16 Switzerland 11,257
17 Turkey 11,192
18 Mexico 10,289
19 Poland 9,514
20 Russia 9,346

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach