Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 373,946
2 United States 352,221
3 India 140,393
4 United Kingdom 97,761
5 Brazil 90,575
6 Japan 84,132
7 Germany 65,595
8 Italy 55,919
9 Russia 47,325
10 Poland 46,589
11 Spain 44,566
12 Canada 42,982
13 France 42,627
14 Turkey 42,069
15 Australia 41,718
16 South Korea 40,967
17 Taiwan 27,970
18 Mexico 27,673
19 Portugal 23,201
20 Thailand 22,943

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach