Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 384,859
2 United States 336,058
3 India 118,418
4 United Kingdom 96,666
5 Brazil 84,676
6 Japan 82,573
7 Germany 59,730
8 Italy 54,412
9 Spain 46,130
10 Poland 45,196
11 Australia 41,777
12 Canada 41,322
13 South Korea 41,144
14 Turkey 39,341
15 Russia 38,181
16 France 37,937
17 Taiwan 26,242
18 Mexico 25,260
19 Portugal 22,481
20 Switzerland 21,517

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach