Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 372,700
2 United States 359,337
3 India 160,079
4 United Kingdom 97,222
5 Brazil 93,503
6 Japan 86,091
7 Germany 69,663
8 Italy 55,730
9 Russia 54,449
10 France 47,592
11 Poland 45,929
12 Spain 44,287
13 Canada 44,142
14 Turkey 43,732
15 Australia 41,954
16 South Korea 41,125
17 Taiwan 30,344
18 Mexico 27,278
19 Thailand 26,158
20 Portugal 24,051

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach