Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 1,267,544
2 United Kingdom 288,289
3 Switzerland 280,822
4 Japan 251,392
5 South Korea 205,410
6 Australia 203,686
7 China 200,233
8 Germany 181,970
9 Canada 138,075
10 Netherlands 84,332
11 Taiwan 82,145
12 Spain 74,506
13 Italy 69,288
14 Thailand 54,185
15 Hong Kong 54,092
16 Brazil 52,843
17 India 47,386
18 France 46,437
19 Iran 44,472
20 Singapore 34,655

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach