Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 109,734
2 United Kingdom 62,073
3 Canada 41,231
4 Australia 27,790
5 China 15,720
6 Germany 11,125
7 Netherlands 8,841
8 Brazil 6,185
9 France 5,305
10 Spain 4,492
11 New Zealand 4,103
12 South Africa 4,011
13 Italy 3,359
14 Turkey 3,030
15 South Korea 2,880
16 Russia 2,766
17 Japan 2,750
18 Sweden 2,728
19 Malaysia 2,724
20 Switzerland 2,591

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach