Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United Kingdom 1,208,582
2 China 675,866
3 United States 596,661
4 Australia 541,046
5 Netherlands 180,558
6 Canada 166,639
7 Turkey 151,372
8 Hong Kong 149,580
9 Taiwan 142,919
10 Malaysia 133,350
11 New Zealand 127,340
12 Spain 126,849
13 Germany 116,729
14 South Korea 96,459
15 Thailand 90,641
16 Portugal 86,862
17 South Africa 86,646
18 Sweden 77,648
19 Denmark 72,490
20 India 71,558

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach