Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United Kingdom 1,166,771
2 China 696,434
3 United States 587,875
4 Australia 505,169
5 Netherlands 179,567
6 Canada 159,614
7 Turkey 159,098
8 Hong Kong 141,237
9 Spain 127,803
10 Taiwan 124,719
11 New Zealand 123,299
12 Malaysia 119,531
13 Germany 113,906
14 South Korea 95,081
15 Thailand 88,780
16 South Africa 86,747
17 Portugal 81,657
18 Sweden 74,218
19 Denmark 70,630
20 Italy 68,924

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach