Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United Kingdom 1,116,999
2 China 712,867
3 United States 569,003
4 Australia 479,088
5 Netherlands 178,889
6 Turkey 167,699
7 Canada 154,239
8 Hong Kong 143,936
9 Spain 128,281
10 New Zealand 125,344
11 Taiwan 114,232
12 Malaysia 101,850
13 Germany 101,454
14 South Korea 93,084
15 Thailand 83,391
16 Portugal 79,328
17 South Africa 76,602
18 Italy 72,527
19 Sweden 71,272
20 Denmark 68,596

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

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