Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 471,049
2 United Kingdom 320,655
3 Australia 149,198
4 Germany 73,383
5 Canada 70,746
6 Netherlands 66,170
7 China 56,482
8 Spain 23,616
9 Switzerland 23,523
10 Sweden 21,821
11 Turkey 20,102
12 France 19,489
13 Brazil 18,302
14 Italy 17,127
15 Ireland 16,406
16 South Korea 15,692
17 Norway 15,387
18 Austria 15,269
19 Belgium 14,994
20 Israel 14,237

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach