Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 456,347
2 United Kingdom 324,703
3 Australia 142,210
4 Canada 72,289
5 Germany 69,874
6 Netherlands 69,519
7 China 55,962
8 Switzerland 25,853
9 Spain 25,437
10 Sweden 22,204
11 Turkey 22,088
12 France 20,621
13 Italy 18,954
14 Norway 17,831
15 Brazil 17,119
16 Ireland 16,942
17 Austria 16,175
18 South Korea 15,815
19 Hong Kong 14,054
20 Israel 13,884

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach