Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 France 194,475
2 Brazil 27,254
3 United States 20,619
4 Canada 16,315
5 Switzerland 13,633
6 Spain 9,875
7 Lebanon 3,427
8 Senegal 2,990
9 Algeria 2,042
10 Ecuador 1,423
11 United Kingdom 1,358
12 Australia 1,315
13 Italy 1,315
14 Denmark 924
15 China 739
16 Martinique 704
17 Guadeloupe 684
18 Belgium 669
19 Tunisia 620
20 Japan 395

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach