Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 40,216
2 France 34,130
3 China 33,612
4 Japan 11,867
5 United Kingdom 11,537
6 Canada 8,559
7 South Korea 8,112
8 Australia 7,203
9 Italy 6,989
10 Switzerland 5,687
11 Netherlands 4,541
12 Brazil 4,394
13 Germany 4,226
14 Turkey 3,684
15 Taiwan 3,494
16 Belgium 3,488
17 Thailand 2,264
18 Spain 1,904
19 Sweden 1,833
20 Norway 1,809

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach